Shortwave therapy is classified as high frequency therapy. The different frequencies of the high frequency therapy have in common that warm tissue is created under their influence. With shortwave therapy electric and magnetic fields are used. Shortwaves are applied using the condenser field method or the coil field method. With the condenser field method the treated body part is found between two condenser plates (shell electrodes or soft rubber electrodes). Under the influence of high frequency electrical alternating fields, periodical changes occur in the treated tissue. By keeping a minimum distance between electrodes and the skin a uniform heating through of all levels of the treated tissue segments is produced. With the coil field method a coil in the form of a Vortex current electrode or Diploid is to be used. The high frequency current will flow through these, whereby a variable magnetic field will be in place in its environment. This causes a predominantly warming magnetic field in the tissue with good conductive structure, such as binding tissue and musculature. In the impulse mode during the shortwave therapy the sub thermal effect is with trophic enhancement and reflective influences from the vascular system in the foreground. During continuous operation the local thermal effect dominates with improved cell metabolism, reduced viscosity of bodily fluids, higher tensibility of collagen fibres, circulation stimulation and manipulation of the nervous system.
Shortwave therapy will therefore be used predominantly for:
- Treatment of chronic inflammations
- Pain reduction
- Spasm reduction and deionizing
- Treating acute and chronic infections
In orthopedics, traumatology, rheumatology as well as in the Ear Nose and Throat, Urology and Gynaecology departments and internal medicine.